On the occasion of International Archives Week (7 – 11 June) the regional Catalan archives have made a compilation of their photos, videos, articles, etc. dedicated to women, called Women and Archives. Some of them are online for the first time.
One of the themes is ‘women and sports’ with photographs that you can see here. The above photo of girls practising gymnastics on the beach was taken in the 1920s (collection Ramon Godó i Franch).
They had already won the Spanish Women’s Super League, but last night (16 May) Barça’s women’s team also beat Chelsea with a goal blitz in the first half not answered by the English team, so that they could take the Champions League Cup back to Barcelona with them.
During the first minute of the game the first goal was made laying the foundation of the historic success in a thrilling two hours.
Note: later the team would also win the Spanish Copa de la Reina (the Queen’s Cup), turning the end of the season into a triple winning streak.
In the 1920s two young men and a little girl get up every day at 4.00 a.m., leave their home in Badalona and travel to the Montjuïc stadium of Barcelona. The men do their daily training, while the girl is watching them. Little do they know that in later years the men’s sportive successes will be eclipsed by the girl. This is the story of track and field athlete Anna Maria Tugas i Masachs (1911-2015).
Determination When Anna was about one year old, her father died. In retrospect, this tragedy determined the course of her life. Anna was left in the care of her brothers Felip and Josep who were dedicated athletes training and competing with flying colours at home and abroad in the four most prominent throwing for distance sports in track and field: discus throw, hammer throw, javelin throw and shot put. As they did not want to leave their little sister at home, they took her with them in order to keep an eye on her.
She did not have a very strong constitution, so when she was about 17 the brothers encouraged her to train with them to build up her strength. Watching them in the stadium, Anna had become very enthousiastic about athletics and eagerly put on her espardenyes and began developing her sporting skills. Although she tried out almost every discipline, like her brothers she favoured above all the throwing sports.
This week sport organizations announced the death of climber and alpinist Elisabeth Vergés (Barcelona, 1939), who had appeared in news bulletins more than once as ‘the first (Spanish) woman who’ in the field of mountaineering.
She gradually got involved in alpinism when she became a member of a hiker’s club and took some courses in speleology and high mountain climbing. Her enthusiasm grew quickly and soon she took part in mountaneering parties in Spain and Catalonia.
In those days climbing for women was not socially accepted and it was even difficult to buy trousers especially made for women, as they were not supposed to wear them. Elisabeth was conscious of these feelings in society, but did not let them stop her from pursuing her hobby.
It was an interesting time for this branch of sport, as right then high mountain walls were being opened up as well as difficult routes, such as those along the needles of Montserrat and the Mallos de Riglos.
So it can be rightly claimed that in the 1960s Elisabeth was a pioneer in conquering mountains within Europe and beyond. For example, in Catalonia she climbed peaks like those of the Serra del Cadí; in 1961 she took part in the first female rope team that went up the Cavall Bernat (a needle in the mountain range of Montserrat near Barcelona, photo 1), together with speleologist Alícia Masriera. In Spain she was the first woman to reach the summits of the Puro dels Mallos de Riglos (photo 2) and the Peña Sola de Agüero (photo 3).
On other continents a few highlights are the climbing of the Hoggar Mountains in Algeria (1967), and various summits in Kenya (for example the Kilimanjaro in 1971), Greenland (1973, 1978) and the Peruvian Andes (1980).
Usually one of the members of her roped party was her husband Josep Manuel Anglada about whom se wrote the biography Anglada with many details about his mountaineering career. Now, who is going to write Elisabeth’s life story?
For the time being you can watch this video though, where Elisabeth is interviewed (in Spanish) about her experiences. Even if you cannot follow the conversation, watch it anyway as the period photos are very worthwhile.
19 September 1932. On the quays of the port of Barcelona many people have assembled to watch the sixth edition of the crossing of the port organized by the swimming club Club Natació Barcelona. Some have been able to see the start of the race from the quay of Martell, others enjoy a terrific sight from boats that are anchored in the harbour or witness the arrival on the quay near the Barceloneta and the Palau del Mar (now Museum of the History of Catalonia).
Temperatures are beginning to get lower now that autumn is near, but that did not deter the nearly three hundred swimmers. One of them is Josefina Torrents i Illa, with her 30 years a veteran in perfect shape.
In an article covering the events newspaper La Vanguardia wrote that she had a ‘great mastery of style’, which enabled her to arrive in 50 minutes and 46 secons, the first of the four woman swimmers and sixth in the final rankings. President Macià and his wife Eugènia Lamarca who had witnessed the contest personally congratulated her with this feat. It was one of Torrents’ big successes, but certainly not her only one.